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Título : Antigenic Community between Schistosoma mansoni and Biomphalaria glabrata: on the Search of Candidate Antigens for Vaccines
Autor : Chacón, N
Losada, S
Noya, B
Alarcón de Noya, B
Noya, O
Palabras clave : cross reactions
antigens
Biomphalaria
Schistosoma
vaccine
Fecha de publicación : 2002
Editorial : Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Citación : 97(Suppl. I): 99-104
Resumen : We have previously confirmed the presence of common antigens between Schistosoma mansoni and its vector, Biomphalaria glabrata. Cross-reactive antigens may be important as possible candidates for vaccine and diagnosis of schistosomiasis. Sera from outbred mice immunized with a soluble Biomphalaria glabrata antigen (SBgA) of noninfected B. glabrata snails recognized molecules of SBgA itself and S. mansoni AWA by Western blot. Recognition of several molecules of the SBgA were inhibited by pre-incubation with AWA (16, 30, 36, 60 and 155 kDa). The only specific molecule of AWA, inhibited by SBgA, was a 120 kDa protein. In order to determine which epitopes of SBgA were glycoproteins, the antigen was treated with sodium metaperiodate and compared with non-treated antigen. Molecules of 140, 60 and 24 kDa in the SBgA appear to be glycoproteins. Possible protective effects of the SBgA were evaluated immunizing outbred mice in two different experiments using Freund’s Adjuvant. In the first one (12 mice/group), we obtained a significant level of protection (46%) in the total worm load, with a high variability in worm recovery. In the second experiment (22 mice/group), no significant protection was observed, neither in worm load nor in egg production per female. Our results suggest that SBgA constitutes a rich source of candidate antigens for diagnosis and prophylactic studies.
Descripción : Comunidad Antigénica entre Biomphalaria y Schistosoma
URI : http://saber.ucv.ve/123456789/971
ISSN : 0074-0276
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