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Título : Ecological Characterization of the Aquatic Habitats of Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Enzootic Foci of Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus in Western Venezuela
Autor : ALFONZO, DAYALETH
Grillet, María-Eugenia
LIRIA, JONATHAN
NAVARRO, JUAN-CARLOS
WEAVER, SCOTT C.
BARRERA, ROBERTO
Palabras clave : mosquito ecology
spatial distribution
aquatic habitats
Venezuelan equine encephalitis vectors
Venezuela
Fecha de publicación : May-2005
Editorial : JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY
Citación : Vol. 42;3
Resumen : ABSTRACT We studied the aquatic mosquito habitats in and around enzootic foci of Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis virus (VEE) in western Venezuela. Specimens were sampled for 5 mo in three types of vegetation: tall lowland tropical forests, short inundated/secondary growth forests, and pastures/herbaceous vegetation around forests. Ground pools, ßooded pastures, swamps, ponds, and canals predominated. We used a multivariate statistical approach to quantitatively assess the relationships of mosquito species with broad categories of the landscape, and with environmental variables within each aquatic habitat. Twenty-four mosquito species in the genera Aedes, Psorophora, Culex, Mansonia, and Uranotaenia were collected. Species richness was higher in the tall forests than in other types of vegetation. Discriminant Function Analysis showed a strong association between landscape category and mosquito species assemblage and identiÞed Culex erraticus Dyar & Knab and Mansonia titillans Walker as indicator species of open areas, and Aedes serratus Theobald as an indicator of tall forests. M. titillans, Uranotaenia geometrica Theobald, Cx. erraticus, and Culex dunni Dyar were associated with unshaded, warm, vegetated waters in ßooded pastures and swamps, whereas Ae. serratus, Aedes fulvus (Wiedemann), Psorophora albipes Theobald, Psorophora ferox (Humboldt), Culex caudelli Dyar&Knab, and Culex pedroi Sirivanakarn&Belkin were associated with small, shaded ground pools within the tall forests. Culex coronator Dyar&Knab was associated with partially exposed sites within short forests. These results allowed us to interpret better our previous studies on mosquito adult spread in the study area and their possible role as VEEV disseminators.
URI : http://saber.ucv.ve/jspui/handle/123456789/7325
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