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Título : Human Onchocerciasis in the Amazonian Area of Southern Venezuela: Spatial and Temporal Variations in Biting and Parity Rates of Black Fly (Diptera: Simuliidae) Vectors
Autor : Grillet, María-Eugenia
BASÁÑEZ, María-Gloria
VIVAS-MARTÍNEZ, SARAI
VILLAMIZAR, NESTOR
FRONTADO, HORTENSIA
CORTEZ, JOSÉ
CORONEL, PABLO
BOTTO, CARLOS
Palabras clave : Simulium oyapockense
Simulium incrustatum
Simulium guianense
biting rate and parity
onchocerciasis
Amazonas
Fecha de publicación : Jul-2001
Editorial : JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY
Citación : Vol. 38;4
Resumen : ABSTRACT We investigated some entomological factors underlying altitudinal prevalence variation in the Venezuelan Amazonia human onchocerciasis focus. Spatial and temporal variation in relative abundance, daily biting rate, proportion of parous ßies , and monthly parous biting rate were studied for the three main simuliid vectors (based on their vectorial competence: Simulium oyapockense s.l. Floch&Abonnenc'S. incrustatum Lutz,,S. guianense s.l. Wise). Yanomami villages were selected among sentinel communities of the ivermectin control program, representing hypoto hyperendemicity conditions of infection. Spatial variation was explored via increasing village altitude on two river systems (A: Ocamo-Putaco and B: Orinoco-Orinoquito). Temporal variation was studied between 1995 and 1999 by sampling the biting population during dry and rainy months. Environmental variables included monthly rainfall and maximum river height. Simuliid species composition itself varied along the altitudinal and prevalence gradient. S. oyapockense s.l. prevailed below 150 m. Above this altitude and up to 240 m, S. incrustatum and S. guianense s.l. became more frequently and evenly collected along A but not along B, where S. incrustatum remained absent. The daily biting rate of S. oyapockense s.l. was higher during the dry season along A, whereas the converse took place along B. Daily biting rate of S. incrustatum was lowest during early rains. By contrast, the daily biting rate of S. guianense s.l. was highest during this period. There was a signiÞcant negative cross-correlation between proportion of parous of S. oyapockense s.l. and river height (2 and 3 mo lagged), whereas this variable (1 and 2 mo lagged) was positively correlated with the proportion of parous ßies for S. incrustatum. Monthly parous biting rate values suggest that the months contributing most to onchocerciasis transmission in the area are likely to be the dry season and the transition periods between seasons.
URI : http://saber.ucv.ve/jspui/handle/123456789/7312
ISSN : 0022-2585
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