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Título : TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL PATTERNS OF MALARIA REINFECTION IN NORTHEASTERN VENEZUELA
Autor : BARRERA, ROBERTO
Grillet, María-Eugenia
RANGEL, YADIRA
BERTI, JESÚS
ACHÉ, ALBERTO
Palabras clave : MALARIA
VENEZUELA
Fecha de publicación : 1999
Editorial : The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Citación : Vol. 61;5
Resumen : Abstract. We stratified the risk of malaria transmission (Plasmodium vivax) in 35 villages along a coastal range in northeastern Venezuela (51 km2) where the main vector is the mosquito Anopheles aquasalis. After 20 years without local malaria transmission, reinfection of the entire area occurred from May to December 1985 by local (continuous) and jump (discontinuous) dispersal. Epidemiologic, environmental, and vector variables were investigated with the aid of a Geographic Information System. Risk factors for malaria transmission were human population density, proximity to pre-adult mosquito habitats (, 500 m), and the number of pre-adult habitats nearby. Most inhabitants, immature mosquito habitats, and malaria cases were located at low elevations and on gentle slopes. High prevalence of malaria during the dry seasons was associated with the presence of permanent bodies of water containing An. aquasalis. Occurrence of a La Nin˜a event in 1988 (wet and cool phase of the El Nin˜o Southern Oscillation) triggered malaria transmission to unusually high levels, consolidating infection in the area, and rendering traditional control efforts useless. We recommend tracking malaria persistence per village and associated risk factors as methods to reduce the cost of malaria control programs.
URI : http://saber.ucv.ve/jspui/handle/123456789/7284
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