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Título : Effects of atomization surfaces and modifiers on the kinetics of copper atomization in electrothermal atomic absorption spectrosmetry
Autor : Alvarez, María A.
Carrión, Nereida
Gutiérrez, Héctor
Palabras clave : Atomization surfaces
Fecha de publicación : 30-Jul-1996
Editorial : Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy
Citación : Spectrochimica Acta Part B, vol 51 (1996), 1121-1132
Resumen : Atomization of copper from different atomization surfaces and in the presence of chemical modifiers has been investigated. The atomization surfaces are molybdenum and tungsten carbide-coated platforms obtained by physical vapour deposition and pyrolytic graphite coated platforms. Molybdenum, tungsten and palladium have been used as chemical modifiers. The kinetic parameters of copper atomization in electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry have been determined by three different methods. Although in all cases, differences in the atomization profiles are observed, the appearance temperatures when the carbide-coated platform and chemical modifiers are used, are not significantly different from those observed with conventional pyrolytic graphite platforms. Nevertheless, a longer tailing of the atomization profile and a slight thermal stabilization of the copper atomic vapour are found when tungsten and palladium modifiers are employed. In these later cases, two different activation energies are determined for each absorbance profile by the different models employed, indicating the presence of two possible precursors in the atomization mechanism. The activation energy (Ea) values calculated in these cases are 75–104 kJ mol−1 when the atomic vapour starts to appear and 170–300 kJ mol−1 at high temperatures. The lower Ea values are comparable to the single Ea value obtained with pyrolytic graphite platform and the other cases studied, in which a single precursor mechanism is proposed. In these cases, the copper atomic vapour seems to desorb from the surface as highly dispersed atoms. When the palladium modifier is employed, the high Ea and changes in the reaction order found at high temperatures, would indicate that the atomic vapour is additionally originating from the evaporation of aggregates. These aggregates could be formed by redistribution and agglomeration at higher temperatures and possibly trapping by the modifier. In the case of the tungsten modifier, dispersed atoms present in the cooler places of the platform could be responsible for the apparent increase of the Ea value found. This second release could provide the longer tailing observed in the absorbance profiles when palladium and tungsten modifiers are used. A first-order kinetic release found in some of the cases studied could suggest a strong interaction with the surface; however, the low frequency factor value found gives no evidence for any substrate-analyte interaction in any of the cases studied.
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