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Título : Hemostatic properties of Venezuelan Bothrops snake venoms with special reference to Bothrops isabelae venom
Autor : Rodríguez-Acosta, Alexis
Sánchez, Elda E.
Márquez, Adriana
Guerrero, Belsy
Palabras clave : Coagulation
Fibrinolytic activity
Bothrops isabelae
Bothrops colombiensis
Hemostasis
Snake venom
Fecha de publicación : 29-Nov-2013
Citación : Toxicon;56, 926–935 (2010).
Resumen : In Venezuela, Bothrops snakes are responsible for more than 80% of all recorded snakebites. This study focuses on the biological and hemostatic characteristics of Bothrops isabelae venom along with its comparative characteristics with two other closely related Bothrops venoms, Bothrops atrox and Bothrops colombiensis. Electrophoretic profiles of crude B. isabelae venom showed protein bands between 14 and 100 kDa with the majority in the range of 14–31 kDa. The molecular exclusion chromatographic profile of this venom contains five fractions (F1–F5). Amidolytic activity evaluation evidenced strong thrombin- like followed by kallikrein-like activities in crude venom and in fractions F1 and F2. The fibrinogenolytic activity of B. isabelae venom at a ratio of 100:1 (fibrinogen/venom) induced a degradation of Aa and Bb chains at 15 min and 2 h, respectively. At a ratio of 100:10, a total degradation of Aa and Bb chains at 5 min and of g chains at 24 h was apparent. This current study evidences one of rarely reported for Bothrops venoms, which resembles the physiologic effect of plasmin. B. isabelae venom as well as F2 and F3 frac- tions, contain fibrinolytic activity on fibrin plate of 36, 23.5 and 9.45 mm2 /mg, respectively using 25 mg of protein. Crude venom and F1 fraction showed gelatinolytic activity. Comparative analysis amongst Venezuelan bothropoid venoms, evidenced that the LD50 of B. isabelae (5.9 mg/kg) was similar to B. atrox-Puerto Ayacucho 1 (6.1 mg/kg) and B. colombiensis-Caucagua (5.8 mg/kg). B. isabelae venom showed minor hemorrhagic activity, whereas B. atrox-Parguasa (Bolivar state) was the most hemorrhagic. In this study, a rela- tive high thrombin-like activity was observed in B. colombiensis venoms (502–568 mUA/ min/mg), and a relative high factor Xa-like activity was found in B. atrox venoms (126– 294 mUA/min/mg). Fibrinolytic activity evaluated with 10 mg protein, showed that B. isa- belae venom contained higher specific activity (50 mm2 /mg) than B. colombiensis and B. atrox venoms, which should encourage the isolation of these fibrinolytic molecules to improve the quality of immunotherapy.
URI : http://saber.ucv.ve/jspui/handle/123456789/5147
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