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Título : Inhibition of adrenaline and adenosine diphosphate induced platelet aggregation by Lansberg’s hognose pit viper (Porthidium lansbergii hutmanni) venom
Autor : Lopez-Johnston, Juan C.
de Bosch, N.
Scannone, H.
Rodríguez-Acosta, Alexis
Palabras clave : Adenosine diphosphate
Platelet aggregation
Porthidium lansbergii hutmanni
Snake venom
Fecha de publicación : 28-Nov-2013
Citación : Annales of Hematology;86(12):879-85. (2007).
Resumen : The haemostatic components of venom from the genus Porthidium has been poorly studied, although it is known that severe manifestations occur when humans are envenomed, which include invasive oedema and disseminated ecchymosis. The effects of venom on blood platelets are commonly studied and are normally carried out with platelet-rich plasma (PRP). A series of crude venom dilutions was used to determine the effects of adenosine diphosphate (2 μM) and adrenaline (11 μM) induced platelet aggregation. Venom of Porthidium lansbergii hutmanni was fractioned by anionic exchange chromatography, and the fractions were also used to determine the 50% inhibition of adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and adrenaline-induced platelet aggregating dose (AD50). Crude venom has more effect in inhibiting adrenalineinduced aggregation (AD50=0.0043 μg) followed by the adenosine diphosphate (AD50=17 μg). Peaks I and II obtained by chromatography also inhibited adrenalineinduced platelet aggregation with an AD50 of 3.2 and 0.013 μg, respectively, and both peaks inhibited ADPinduced platelet aggregation with an AD50 of 10 μg. The main purpose of this work was to characterise the in vitro effects caused by P. lansbergii hutmanni crude venom and its fractions on the platelet aggregation mediated by adrenaline and ADP agonists.
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