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Título : Co-infection with Ascaris lumbricoides modulates protective immune responses against Giardia duodenalis in school Venezuelan rural children
Autor : Hagel, Isabel
Cabrera, Maira
Puccio, Franca
Sataella, Carlos
Buvat, Erika
Infante, Benito
Zabala, María Teresa
Cordero, Raimundo
Di Prisco, María Crístina
Palabras clave : Co-infection
A. lumbricoides
G. duodenalis
Cytokines
Antibodies
Fecha de publicación : 26-Nov-2013
Citación : Acta Tropica;117 (2011)
Resumen : We evaluated the effect of Ascaris lumbricoides on Giardia duodenalis infection and TH1/TH2 type immune mechanisms toward this parasite in 251 rural parasitized and 70 urban non-parasitized school children. The children were classified according to light (0–5000 eggs/g faeces) or moderate (>5001–50,000 eggs/g faeces) A. lumbricoides infection. Anti G. duodenalis skin hyper-reactivity, IgE, IgG, IL-13, IFN , IL6 and IL-10 levels were compared among G. duodenalis infected and non-infected children according to light or moderate A. lumbricoides infection. It was found that 62% of the A. lumbricoides moderately infected children were co-infected by G. duodenalis compared to 45% of the lightly infected group. After treatment, 42% of the A. lumbricoides moderately group were infected with G. duodenalis compared to 11% of their lightly counterparts, being A. lumbricoides IL-10 levels higher (p < 0.0001) in the moderately infected group. In the A. lumbricoides lightly parasitized children, G. duodenalis infection was associated to a significant increase (p < 0.005) of the levels of G. duodenalis IL-13, IFN- , IL-6, IgE, IgG and skin test hyper reactivity. In contrast, there was no effect of G. duodenalis infection in the elevation of these parameters among the A. lumbricoides moderately parasitized group, being those levels similarly lower as those observed in the control group. Inverse correlations were found between the levels of anti G duodenalis antibodies, skin test hyper-reactivity and cytokines with the intensity of A. lumbricoides infection (p > 0.0001) and A. lumbricoides IL-10 levels (p > 0.0001), suggesting that co-infection with A. lumbricoides may affect both TH1 and TH2 type immunity against G. duodenalis that may play an important role in the susceptibility to the infection after chemotherapy in children from endemic areas.
URI : http://saber.ucv.ve/jspui/handle/123456789/5092
ISSN : 0001-706X
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