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Título : EFECTOS DE UN ACONDICIONADOR SINTÉTICO (TERRACOTTEM®) Y UN ACONDICIONADOR ORGÁNICO (BOCASCHI) SOBRE LA EFICIENCIA DEL USO DE AGUA EN EL CULTIVO DEL PIMENTÓN
Autor : Torres, Duilio
Rivero, Dangela
Rodríguez, Nectalí
Yendis, Héctor
Lobo, Deyanira
Gabriels, Donald
Zamora, Frank
Palabras clave : acondicionadores
stress hídrico
desarrollo vegatativo
riego
Fecha de publicación : 12-May-2008
Editorial : Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agrícolas
Citación : Agronomía Trop. 58(3): 277-287. 2008
Resumen : A greenhouse experiment was set up to study the effects a synthetic conditioner "Bocashi" Terracottem® (a mixture of water absorbent polymers, fertilizers, root growth stimulators and lava) at two doses (TC1 and TC2) and an organic conditioner (BK), on the production of above ground and root biomass of a green pepper, Capsicum annuum L.,crop in a sandy soil. Two irrigation doses were applied to maintain the soil water content either at 100% or 80% of its field capacity (FC). The efficiency of water use was evaluated in terms of consumption of water after 28 days of cultivation in relation to (1) the total volume of applied irrigation water, (2) the above ground biomass and (3) root biomass. It was obvious that for all treatments more water is needed to maintain the soil moisture content at 100% of FC than at 80% of FC. The highest above ground biomass production was obtained with the highest Terracottem dose (TC1) at both soil water contents. No significant differences were found between the two irrigation doses. TC treatments resulted in higher root biomass production than BK at the highest irrigation dose. The lowest levels of water consumption per unit biomass and unit root biomass were obtained in the TC1, BK and TC2 treatments. Also, no significant differences for above ground and radical biomass were found between irrigation doses, thus crop vegetative development was not affected when submitted to water stress.
Descripción : Torres et al. Agron Trop. 2008
URI : http://saber.ucv.ve/jspui/handle/123456789/4163
ISSN : 0002-192X
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