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Título : Capillary Changes in Skeletal Muscle of Patients With Essential Hypertension
Autor : HERNÁNDEZ, NOELINA
TORRES, SONIA H.
FINOL, HÉCTOR J.
VERA, OMAIRA
Palabras clave : hypertension
muscle capillaries
muscles fiber types
pericytes
endothelial cells
Fecha de publicación : 1999
Editorial : THE ANATOMICAL RECORD
Citación : Vol. 256;
Resumen : Arterial hypertension produces changes along the vascular tree. However, there are few reports on its effect on human muscle capillaries. This study demonstrates the effects of essential hypertension on the capillaries of human quadriceps muscle. Muscle biopsy was taken from quadriceps femoris in eight men with recent diagnosis of essential hypertension, without treatment. Biopsies were also taken from eight normotensive men and were used as controls. Fiber types were classified by ATPase reaction, capillaries counted in a-amylase-PAS stained sections and ultrastructure studied by conventional methods of transmission electron microscopy. No changes were found in capillaries or muscle fiber types by histochemical methods. However, electron microscopy revealed abnormal capillaries with endothelial cells infoldings into the lumen, as well as occluded or degenerated capillaries. In some cases the endothelial cell area covered by pericytes was increased. Basement membrane of capillaries was frequently increased in width, sometimes irregularly, and in other instances it was reduplicated. In transversely sectioned capillaries lumen diameter was reduced and wall thickness was increased, although total diameter was unchanged. In hypertensive patients the finding of some degenerated capillaries adjacent to muscle fibers could be interpreted as the beginning of a process of rarefaction. Some capillaries showed morphological changes, and the ratio wall thickness/lumen was increased. Anat Rec 256:425–432, 1999.
URI : http://saber.ucv.ve/jspui/handle/123456789/4019
ISSN : 1932-8494
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