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Título : Palynological study of the Venezuelan species of the genus Hymenocallis (Amaryllidaceae)
Autor : Raymúndez Urrutia, María B.
Martín Villodre, Joan
Garnatje, Teresa
Raimúndez Urrutia, Elena
Vallés Xirau, Joan
Palabras clave : Equatorial apexes
Hymenocallis
Neotropics
Pollen grain structure
Pollen morphology
SEM-TEM
Fecha de publicación : 2-Apr-2013
Citación : Plant Systematics and Evolution;298: 695-701. 2012.
Resumen : Pollen morphology and exine structure of the seven Hymenocallis Salisb. species present in Venezuela were investigated using scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy. Pollen grains of all species are monosulcate, heteropolar, with bilateral symmetry, oblate to peroblate, heterobrochate, semitectate-columellate, possess unequal tectal surfaces, and are clavate or baculate when viewed with TEM. They present two equatorial apexes. When observed under SEM their surfaces appear as granulate; however, it is evident from TEM that they are in fact constituted by pila. All the species possess very large pollen (ranging from 64 to 85 lm and from 125 to 155 lm for polar and equatorial axes, respectively), and no relationship was evident between pollen size and chromosome number. All the taxa are also very similar in relation to their pollen outline, ornamentation and internal structure, thus indicating that the genus is accurately delimited from the palynological point of view and that discrete characteristics can only be used in some cases to delimit individual species.
URI : http://saber.ucv.ve/jspui/handle/123456789/3047
ISSN : 1615-6110
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