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Título : Dental caries experience in school children and the impact of non-cavitated lesions on the caries index
Autor : Acevedo, Ana María
Montero, Maglynert
Machado, Carolina
Saez, Ilse
Rojas - Sánchez, Fátima
Kleinberg, Israel
Palabras clave : Dental caries
Fecha de publicación : 3-Nov-2017
Resumen : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current status of dental caries in 11 to 13 year-old schoolchildren residing in Sucre Municipality, Miranda State, and the impact of the noncavitated lesion on the caries index. Twelve elementary schools were included in this study and a sample of 1484 children was examined using artificial light, a #5 mirror and a #23 probe. The criteria followed were those proposed by Radike (1972) as modified by Acevedo et al. (2005) in order to include initial non-cavitated caries lesions. Teeth were cleaned and dried for 5 seconds with a triple syringe. Caries prevalence was 94.07% and the average DMFS index for the total sample was 4.35 ± 4.21. This increased significantly to 6.45 ± 5.01, when the initial caries lesions were included (p <0.05). According to gender, DMFS was higher in the female population (4.51 ± 4.45) than in males (4.21 ± 3.97), but the difference was not statistically different (p> 0.05). The same pattern was observed, when the initial caries lesions were added. The new mean DMFS was 6.67 ± 5.15 and 6.26 ± 4.88 for females and males, respectively. Non-cavitated lesions represent 33% of the total caries lesions recorded. Conclusion: These results show that (i) dental caries prevalence in this population remains high and (ii) initial lesions contribute significantly to the DMFS index.
ISSN : 0326-4815
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