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Título : Characterization of Phospho-(Tyrosine)- Mimetic Calmodulin Mutants
Autor : Stateva, Silviya R.
Salas, Valentina
Benaím, Gustavo
Menéndez, Margarita
Solís, Dolores
Villalobo, Antonio
Palabras clave : Calmodulin
tyrosine residues
Fecha de publicación : 2015
Editorial : PLOS ONE
Citación : Vol. 10;No. 4
Resumen : Calmodulin (CaM) phosphorylated at different serine/threonine and tyrosine residues is known to exert differential regulatory effects on a variety of CaM-binding enzymes as compared to non-phosphorylated CaM. In this report we describe the preparation and characterization of a series of phospho-(Y)-mimetic CaM mutants in which either one or the two tyrosine residues present in CaM (Y99 and Y138) were substituted to aspartic acid or glutamic acid. It was expected that the negative charge of the respective carboxyl group of these amino acids mimics the negative charge of phosphate and reproduce the effects that distinct phospho-(Y)-CaM species may have on target proteins. We describe some physicochemical properties of these CaM mutants as compared to wild type CaM, after their expression in Escherichia coli and purification to homogeneity, including: i) changes in their electrophoretic mobility in the absence and presence of Ca2+; ii) ultraviolet (UV) light absorption spectra, far- and near-UV circular dichroism data; iii) thermal stability in the absence and presence of Ca2+; and iv) Tb3+-emitted fluorescence upon tyrosine excitation. We also describe some biochemical properties of these CaM mutants, such as their differential phosphorylation by the tyrosine kinase c-Src, and their action as compared to wild type CaM, on the activity of two CaM-dependent enzymes: cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 1 (PDE1) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) assayed in vitro.
Descripción : Data Availability Statement: All relevant data are within the paper. This work was funded by grants to AV from the Secretaría de Estado de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación (SAF2011-23494) and the Consejería de Educación de la Comunidad de Madrid (S2011/ BMD-2349), and grant to AV and DS from the European Commission (contract PITN-GA-2011- 289033 DYNANO). Additional funding to DS and MM was provided by the Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Respiratorias. SRS was funded by a Marie Curie contract from the European Commission and VS and GB were supported by fellowship and grants (03-00-6057-2005 and PG-03-8728-2013) from the Consejo de Desarrollo Científico y Humanístico de la Universidad Central de Venezuela. Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
ISSN : 1932-6203 (Electronic)
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