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Título : Regulatory effects of lipoprotein lipase on proliferative and cytotoxic activity of NK cells
Autor : De Sanctis, Juan B.
Blanca, Isaac
Bianco Colmenares, Nicolás E.
Palabras clave : interleukin-2
K562 and U937 cell lines
flow cytometry
lymphokine activated killer activity
cell membranes
natural killer
Lipoprotein lipase
Fecha de publicación : 1996
Editorial : Journal of Lipid Research
Citación : Vol. 37;No.9 pp 1987-2000
Resumen : Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) induced, in a dose-dependent fashion, a 2-fold and 11-fold increase in the proliferative response of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) at 48 and 72 h, respectively; a 4- and 12-fold increase in natural killer (NK) cells, respectively; and a maximal 3-fold induction in interleukin-2 (IL-2)-treated NK cells at 72 h. T lymphocytes did not proliferate independently of the concentration of LPL used. LPL decreased the proliferative response of K562 and U937 cell lines. The effect on NK cells could be blocked by anti-LPL if it was added before LPL binding to the cell membrane. Contrary to its effects on NK proliferative response, LPL inhibited spontaneous cytotoxicity and lymphokine-activated killer activity (LAK). The effect was dose-dependent, target-dependent (U937 was more sensitive than K562 in LAK assays), but not LPL-binding time-dependent. Treatment of NK cells with heparinase overcame the inhibitory effect of LPL in spontaneous cytotoxicity. LPL binding to cell membranes, as assessed by flow cytometry, was as follows: K562 cells > monocytes > NK cells > LAK cells > U937 cells, absent in T lymphocytes and partially sensible to heparinase and IL-2 treatments. Protein kinase C translocation was observed upon treatment of NK cells with LPL. Three proteins in NK cell membrane (76, 57.2, and 27.2 kD), two in the cytosol (57.2 and 27.2 kD), and only one in ANA-1 cell membrane (76 kD) were precipitated with LPL-Sepharose. LPL receptors seem to be responsible for the proliferative and cytotoxic response observed in LPL-stimulated NK cells.
URI : http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/14687
ISSN : 1539-7262
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