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Título : Dual nebulizer sample introduction system for simultaneous determination of volatile elemental hydrides and other elements
Autor : Gómez, Luís R.
Márquez, Gracybell D
Chirinos, José
Palabras clave : Dual nebulization
Hydride generation
Inductively coupled plasma–optical emission spectrometry
Fecha de publicación : 8-Feb-2017
Resumen : A dual sample introduction system was explored for volatile hydride generation in inductively coupled plasma–optical emission spectrometry (ICP–OES) performed in the radially viewed mode. The system consists of two pneumatic nebulizers connected to the conventional spray chamber of the instrument via a simple adaptor. This configuration permits hydride generation but still allows other elements to be determined by pneumatic nebulization. This work was focused on the optimization of the plasma operating conditions for the determination of As, Hg, Sb and Se and other elements. The excitation conditions of the ICP–OES instrument operated with the dual sample introduction system were also explored. Results showed that the analytical performance of the dual system for the determination of As, Hg, Sb and Se was superior to those of conventional nebulization systems. The dual system also enabled the determination of elements that do not form volatile hydrides, but with less sensitivity than conventional nebulization systems. An evaluation of the plasma robustness showed that the gases generated in the hydride reactions did not significantly affect the plasma discharge. Similar to conventional hydride generation techniques, the analysis was susceptible to nonspectroscopic interferences produced by transition metals. Finally, the applicability of the dual nebulization system to practical ICP–OES studies was demonstrated by determining the trace elements in an oyster tissue standard reference material.
ISSN : 1618-2650
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