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Título : Improvements in the synthesis of zeolites with low Si/Al ratio from Venezuelan sodium silicate for an environmentally friendly process
Autor : Garía, A.
López, C.M
Garía, L. V
Casanova, J
R. Goldwasser, Mireya
Palabras clave : LTA zeolites, FAU zeolites, hydrothermal synthesis, zeolite synthesis, environmentally friendly process.
Fecha de publicación : Apr-2016
Editorial : Ingeniería e Investigación
Citación : Ingeniería e Investigación vol. 36 n.° 1, april - 2016 (62-69)
Resumen : LTA and FAU zeolites were successfully synthesized from a Venezuelan sodium silicate solution, by hydrothermal crystallization under autogenous pressure at 100°C, with 2–24h crystallization times. The synthesized materials were characterized by XRD, BET specific surface area and SEM. A series of synthesis tests were performed to study the influence of the molar composition of the starting mixture over zeolites crystallization. The effect of crystallization time for a particular synthesis mixture composition was studied for both zeolites types. The reuse as alkaline medium of the mother liquor separated during filtration, and the effect of the aging before crystallization were additionally studied. The experimental results are in agreement with the crystallization mechanism proposed for zeolites synthesis in liquid phase. The use of a 2SiO2 :Al2 O3 :6.Na2 O:240H2 O synthesis mixture composition allows obtaining LTA zeolite within 2h of crystallization. For FAU zeolite, no aging period was needed when starting with a 4SiO2 :Al2 O3 :6.6Na2 O:264H2 O composition. It was possible to synthesize both zeolites with high purity and crystallinity and with adequate water adsorption properties.
URI : http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/14224
ISSN : 0120-5609
2248-8723
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