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Título : JUVENILERHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS CELLULAR HYPERSENSITIVITY AND SELECTIVE IgA DEFICIENCY
Autor : Panush, R. S.
Bianco Colmenares, Nicolás E.
Schur, P. H.
Rocklin, R. E.
David, J. R.
Palabras clave : immune mechanism
rheumatoid arthritis
ceIlular hypersensitivity
cellular immunity
Streptodornase antigens
ataxiatelangiectasia
Fecha de publicación : 1972
Editorial : Clinical & Experimental Immunology
Citación : Vol.10;Nº 1 pag 103-115
Resumen : Although humoral immune mechanism s are currently thought to be of pathogenetic significance in juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA ), little is known about the role of ceIlular hypersensitivity in this disease . A possible association between abnormalities of humoral and cellular immunity exis ts in patients with ataxiatelangiectasia, who may have absent IgA, abnormal delayed hypersensitivity, or both. As IgA deficiency has been noted in 2-3% of patients with JRA, we have studied selected aspects of humoral and cellular hypersensitivity in patients with JRA and IgA deficiency and in patients with JRA and normal IgA levels. AlI patients had normal se rum levels of complement, IgG, IgM, and IgD . Cellular hypersensitivity was evaluated by cutaneous delayed-type hypersensitivity, in vitro migration inhibitory factor production, and antigen induced 3H- thymidine incorporation by lymphocytes using Candida and Streptokinase-Streptodornase antigens. Two of four IgA deficient patients had positive in vitro but negative in vivo responses to antigens. Seven of fourteen JRA patients with normal immunoglobulin levels exhibited a similar dissociation of in vivo and in vitro manifestations of delayed hypersensitivity. This pattern o f cellu lar immune response was associated with activity and chronicity of disease; it was in de pendent of IgA deficiency.
URI : http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13896
ISSN : 1365-2249
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