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Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar este ítem: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12715

Título : Oral lichen planus: immunohistology of mucosal lesions
Autor : Villarroel Dorrego, Mariana
Correnti, María
Delgado, Rafael
Tapia, Félix J.
Palabras clave : adhesion molecules
dendritic cells
oral lichen planus
oral mucosa
T-lymphocytes
Fecha de publicación : 2002
Editorial : J Oral Pathol Med
Citación : ;31
Resumen : Background: Current evidence suggests that immunological mechanisms are involved in oral lichen planus (OLP) pathogenesis. The events implicate activated epithelia that comprise antigen-presenting Langerhans cells, immunocompetent keratinocytes and subepithelial inflammatory infiltrate. Also, the presence of a high density of leucocyte cells may occur for the expression of a variety of adhesion molecules. The aim of this study was to analyse the immunoexpression of some adhesion molecules as well as lymphocytic markers in order to determine the disease pathogenesis in a Venezuelan population. Methods: The 18 OLP and 10 normal oral mucosa biopsies were immunostained for CD4, CD8, CD1a, LFA-1, VCAM-1 and ICAM-1. Results: The results showed an increased number of CD4þ, CD8þ, CD1aþ cells in OLP. Serial sections showed CD4þ and CD8þ cells also expressed LFA-1. The expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 were significantly higher in OLP. Conclusions: The immunological reaction begins with Langerhans cells activation, which presents an antigen to CD4þ lymphocytes. Those cells through ICAM-1 and LFA-1 promote epithelial destruction. Afterwards, cytokine production, ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression can activate CD8þ lymphocytes leading to the chronic form of the disease.
URI : http://saber.ucv.ve/jspui/handle/123456789/12715
ISSN : 0904-2512
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