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Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar este ítem: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11575

Título : NEW TECHNIQUES AND METHODS FOR THE STUDY OF AGGREGATION, ADSORPTION, AND SOLUBILITY OF ASPHALTENES. IMPACT OF THESE PROPERTIES ON COLLOIDAL STRUCTURE AND FLOCCULATION
Autor : Castillo, Jimmy
Fernández, Alberto
Ranaudo, María Antonieta
Acevedo, Sócrates
Palabras clave : Asphaltene-colloids;
Asphaltene-aggregates;
Asphaltene- adsorption-solubility
Fecha de publicación : 21-Jul-2015
Resumen : The solubility of Furrial asphaltene in toluene was 57g L−1. However, using a new technique, based on the precipitation of this sample by the phenol PNP, we found that a fraction (2), comprising 47% of the asphaltene, is of low solubility. This suggested that this material constitutes the colloidal phase, and the rest acts as the dispersing fraction. This technique allowed the fractionation of asphaltenes in fractions A1, A2, and A3 according to solubility, going from practically insoluble (A1) to low (A2, 1 g L−1) to high (A3, around 57 g L−1). The adsorption isotherms of asphaltenes on glass and silica in toluene consist of a sequence of steps or step-wise adsorption. The first layer or first step is formed by the adsorption of free asphaltene molecules and by small aggregates (aggregation number between 3 and 6) which saturate the glass or silica surface in the usual manner (L-type or H-type isotherms). However, we suggest that the second, third, and other asphaltene layers adsorb sequentially according to the above differences in solubility. The very slow changes with time and the negligible desorption from the surface measured for the above isotherms were interpreted as the effect of packing or the building up of a well packed layer. This would be achieved by the slow formation and rupture of bonds between neighboring molecules at the surface. Thus, molecules with difficulties to pack, adsorbed by a kinetically controlled process, are either rejected or relocated in a thermodynamic controlled process. The above results and ideas were used to improve the models for asphaltene and petroleum colloids and to underscore the importance of surfaces and colloid dispersants in asphaltene precipitation during the production of crude oils. For instance, the results described below suggest that colloids are constituted by a well packed and insoluble asphaltene core, impervious to the solvent, and by a loose packed periphery which, by allowing solvent penetration, keep the colloid in solution. According to this model, desorption of compounds in the above loosely packed periphery, such as the one promoted by a surface, would be the main cause of asphaltene precipitation from crude oils. In this case, solubility reductions caused by pressure drops during oil production would have a minor effect. Also, preliminary number average molecular weights Mn for four asphaltenes, obtained using a new procedure, are presented here. The Mn values obtained ranged from 780 to 1150 g/mol.
URI : http://saber.ucv.ve/jspui/handle/123456789/11575
ISSN : 0718-3305
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