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Título : Structural features and performance of LaNi1 xRhxO3 system for the dry reforming of methane
Autor : Goldwasser, Mireya
Fierro, J.L.
Rivas, M. E.
Perez Zurita, M. J.
Pietri, Egle
Griboval, A.
Leclercq, G.
Palabras clave : Nickel catalysts
Ni–Rh perovskite-type precursors
Methane reforming
Catalysts characterization
Fecha de publicación : 8-Nov-2007
Resumen : A series of LaNiO3 perovskite-type oxides were synthesized and the influence of the preparation methodology and partial substitution of Ni by Rh on the performance of these solids in the dry reforming of methane was studied. The precursor perovskite-type oxides were synthesized by the citrate sol–gel method and by co-precipitation using K2CO3 as precipitating agent. An additional LaNiO3 sample used as reference was prepared by impregnation of La2O3 with a nickel nitrate solution. Characterization of the synthesized perovskite-type oxides was followed by X-ray diffraction (ex situ and in situ), nitrogen adsorption, temperature-programmed reduction and photoelectron spectroscopy. In addition, structural and surface changes produced during reaction were followed by techniques such as thermogravimetric analyses, electron microscopy and photoelectron spectroscopy. Highly homogeneous and crystalline oxides were obtained with various particle sizes depending on the synthesis method. Results show influenceofthesynthesisprocedureonthecatalyticperformanceofthesesolidsbyformationofdifferent lanthanum phases during reaction. It is observed that at low reaction temperatures (400–500 8C), all samples presented similar activity while at higher temperatures (550–600 8C) the solid prepared by impregnation wasmore active. Partial substitution ofnickelbyrhodium(5%mol) producesanincrease in the catalytic activity. No deactivation of all synthesized solids was observed after 24 h on-stream
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